The purpose of the project is an institutional strengthening of the Ethiopian animal disease control and veterinary services through:
- Support in the development of surveillance programs of the Ministry of Agriculture: understanding of risk assessment, epidemiology and vaccination programs including regulations and responsibilities of the different stakeholders.
- Improvement of the laboratory diagnostic capacity of NAHDIC.
- Support of the disease monitoring and prevention in the field; disease diagnosis, disease prevention (via knowledge transfer of vaccination programs, hygiene and other management factors) and sampling by the regional laboratories and practitioners.
Awareness and practical follow up of the Ministry of Agriculture, NAHDIC and the regional laboratories with regard to animal health monitoring, surveillance and knowledge of risk assessment and epidemiology:
- Overview of the organization of the different actors in the animal disease monitoring:
- View on division of responsibilities, activities and relations.
- Workshops and round table sessions will also lead to an advice on how to organize these institutes and responsibilities.
- Enhanced knowledge of the application of epidemiological principles and risk analysis of diseases threatening the poultry sector on the level of policy makers of the Ministry of Agriculture, the NAHDIC team and the regional laboratory managers.
- Action plan on actors: set up of an action plan on how the different actors should be organized, act and work together
- Action plan on rules and regulations: the first step for a surveillance plan with rules and regulations will be described
Improved laboratory diagnostic capacity:
- Improvement of the laboratory diagnostic capacity of NAHDIC including technical training of their technicians
- Benchmarking with NAHDIC; to get a broader view for the establishment of the poultry laboratory unit
- Enhanced knowledge among Ethiopian laboratory workers in use of existing (and potentially new) techniques and laboratory quality management.
Improvement of the diagnostic capacity and epidemiologic knowledge in Ethiopia is a condition for efficient animal disease control. The government has indicated NAHDIC to be the institute where diagnostic capacity and epidemiologic knowledge should be combined. In the same time awareness should be created on how government research, vaccination and surveillance programs should support and create legal constitutions in which efficient disease control is possible. Creating awareness about disease control and at the same time improving the diagnostic laboratory capacity would be reasonable steps to make. Rules on disease control can not be implemented without an instrument to implement these rules.
Disease monitoring in the field:
Enhanced knowledge and awareness of veterinarians and health workers in the field about disease diagnosis, sampling, preventive vaccination programs, hygiene, antibiotic treatment and farm management factors.
The enhanced knowledge and practical skills of the practitioners will benefit for the poultry farmers and support them in their disease control and development of a healthy and sustainable poultry farm.
Central Veterinary Institute (CVI) of Wageningen University and Research Centre.
Workshops and roundtable sessions with the Ministry of Agriculture, NAHDIC and regional laboratory managers about animal health monitoring, surveillance and knowledge of risk assessment and the application of epidemiology:
- Roundtable sessions about the organization of the different actors in the animal disease monitoring: division responsibilities, activities and relations.
- Workshops on: epidemiological principles, risk analysis of diseases that are threatening for the poultry sector and preventive vaccination programs and antibiotic use.
- Discussion on the action plan for rules and regulations: the first step for a surveillance plan with rules and regulations will be described.
Improve the laboratory diagnostic capacity of NAHDIC:
- Training of laboratory experts in use of existing techniques and laboratory quality management, introduction to new techniques if required.
- Support in benchmarking NAHDIC for the newly established poultry laboratory unit.
Improvement of disease monitoring and sampling in the field:
- This is linked to the improvement of NAHDIC. Without proper samples from the field (mainly via their regional labs in cooperation with the government agricultural bureaus and private veterinarians) NAHDIC is not able to diagnose and monitor poultry diseases.
Together with the Ministry of Agriculture and NAHDIC a program for the field will be worked out on:
- How to diagnose a disease
- How to apply vaccination schedules
- How to sample in the field
- How to transfer this to the field veterinarians of NAHDIC and linked regional laboratories (including pilot training)
- Instruction of the health workers in the field on the transfer of their knowledge and practical skills to the farmers in the field: vaccination programs, hygiene, use of antibiotics and farm management factors.